Grow a Disciple-Making Culture in Your Church

Note from the editor: This blog post by Godwin Sathianathan originally appeared here at The Gospel Coalition on February 26, 2013.


I owe a significant debt to four men and three churches who, over the years, became my spiritual fathers and families. These wonderful people walked alongside me through troubling and joyful times. They prayed with me, mentored me, and laughed with me. They celebrated my victories and wept with me when my dad unexpectedly died. They counseled me when I began to explore pastoral ministry and spoke the Word to me when I became discouraged. They reminded me not to take myself too seriously, and they lovingly pointed out sin in my life. God only knows where I’d be and who I’d be without his grace working through them.

Today I am a pastor and long for my church to grow in this kind of intentional disciple-making. Discipleship at its core is the process of growing as a disciple of Jesus Christ. That sounds simple. But what does it actually look like? And how do pastors lead their churches in discipleship? A good place to begin is Jesus’ last words to his disciples: “go . . . make disciples . . . baptizing them . . . and teaching them” (Matt 28:19-20). Three contours of discipleship culture emerge from this passage.

Clarifying the Contours of Discipleship

1. Disciple-making is an intentional process of evangelizing non-believers, establishing believers in the faith, and equipping leaders. 

“Make disciples” implies intentionality and process. Disciple-making doesn’t just happen because a church exists and people show up. It is a deliberate process. Considering the modifying participles of “going . . . baptizing . . . teaching” help us recognize this process. It must include evangelizing (going to new people and new places), establishing (baptizing new believers and teaching obedience), and equipping (teaching believers to also make disciples). How does your church evangelize, establish, and equip?    

2. Disciple-making happens in the context of a local church

It’s a community project, not just a personal pursuit. And that community must be the local church, because Jesus has given her unique authority to preach the gospel, baptize believers into faith and church membership, and teach obedience to Jesus. Disciple-making doesn’t just happen in coffee shops and living rooms. It also happens in the sanctuary where the Word is sung, prayed, read, preached, and displayed through communion and baptism. Jesus didn’t have in mind maverick disciple-makers; he had in mind a community of believers who, together and under the authority of the local church, seek to transfer the faith to the next generation. Does your church view disciple-making within the context of the church, or only as a solo endeavor?

3. Disciple-making is Word-centered, people-to-people ministry. 

When Jesus said “make disciples” we cannot help but remember how he made disciples: three years of teaching twelve men on the dusty road. Disciple-making, then, is the Word of God shaping men and women within life-on-life relationships. It’s demonstrated in Paul’s relationship with the Thessalonian church: “being so affectionately desirous of you, we were ready to share with you not only the gospel of God but also our own selves, because you had become very dear to us” (1 Thess 2:8). This is gospel-driven, Word-saturated, intentional one-anothering. It is men and women regularly teaching one another to obey what Jesus commanded. And it goes well beyond watching football and having inside jokes with Christian friends. How would you evaluate your church’s Word-centered people-to-people ministry?

Creating a Culture of Discipleship

If these three contours are essential ingredients for a discipleship culture, how do pastors lead their churches in growing that culture? Here are seven ways:

1. Preach disciple-making sermons. Pastors are not called to preach convert-making sermons or scholar-making sermons. They are called to preach disciple-making sermons. This means that they must craft sermons that will evangelize, establish, and equip. This means that they are teachers, pleaders, and coaches from behind the pulpit. Sermons also disciple through modeling careful exegesis, keen application, and prayerful responses to the passage. After we preach, congregants should understand and feel the text at such a level that they long to be more obedient disciples.

2. Shape disciple-making worship services.

Every church has a liturgy, whether you call it that or not, and every liturgy leads the people somewhere or disciples the people toward something. The question is where. The non-sermon elements of a worship service—songs, prayers, scripture reading, testimonies, and tone—contribute to the formative discipling of your congregation. Does your worship service lead people in thanksgiving for God’s gifts and goodness? Does it disciple people in confession and repentance? Is there an element in your worship service that offers assurance of salvation? Does your service lead people in celebrating our future hope? Thinking through these components with your worship director will strengthen your disciple-making services.

3. Invest in a few disciple-makers.

We’ve heard it before, but let me say it again: Jesus and Paul ask their disciples to invest in a few who will in turn invest in others (Matt. 28:18-192 Tim 2:2). Pastors, choose a few men you can pour your life into and intentionally disciple for a period of time. Create a simple but effective format to accomplish this task. For example, meet with a few men twice a month to discuss sections of Wayne Grudem’s Systematic Theology, confess sin, and pray for one another. Keep it relational. At the end of your time together, ask each man to choose a few men with whom he can do the same. The benefits are manifold. You are obeying Jesus’ disciple-making command, you are cultivating a disciple-making culture through strategic multiplication, and you are investing in those who may become your future elders.     

4. Make small group Bible studies central to your disciple-making strategy

Many churches offer small groups like a side item at the buffet, but few offer it as a main course. While Sunday school and other teaching venues certainly disciple people, small group Bible studies are unique in that they achieve multiple discipleship goals. After your corporate worship gathering, consider making small groups ministry your next priority. This means identifying and training mature leaders to shepherd and disciple their members. It also means providing a clear vision for your small groups ministry. For example, our church asks our groups to commit to three disciple-making values: Bible, community, and mission.

5. Raise the bar of church membership

Unfortunately many Christians don’t realize that joining a church is a vital step of discipleship. When you join a church, you are not joining a social club; you are publicly declaring your faith in Jesus and joining yourself to a group of Christians in life and mission. In view of this, pastors should view membership as discipleship and accordingly bolster their membership process and expectations. Instead of making it easy to join your church, make the process more involved. Get your elders teaching multiple sessions on the gospel, central doctrines, the importance of church membership, and your church’s operating convictions (baptism, for example). Broach tough subjects such as divorce and past church history during membership interviews. Finally, ensure membership actually means something for members. What unique privileges, roles, and responsibilities do members have in your church? Are your members actually joined together in Word-centered people-to-people ministry, as they promised when they became members?          

6. Confront sin and practice church discipline. 

Like church membership, discipline is neglected by some churches. Much like encouragement and affirmation are key components of disciple-making, so too are exhortation, confrontation, and if necessary more elevated measures of corrective discipline. God uses all of the above to make disciples and protect disciples within local churches.

7. Read disciple-making books with your leadership. 

Let me recommend four books for your disciple-making arsenal. The Trellis and the Vine by Tony Payne and Colin Marshall outlines a practical vision for disciple-making. One-to-One Bible Reading by David Helm will equip you with the motivation and tools to read the Bible regularly with others. Church Membership by Jonathan Leeman is the best lay-level book on the subject I’ve read and will help you understand how membership rightly practiced is discipleship. And The Shepherd Leader by Timothy Witmer calls elders to lead the way in disciple-making.  

Growing a disciple-making culture at your church might sound daunting. It’s hard enough to make disciples within a small group Bible study, but a church with all its complexities, systems, and baggage? Yikes. Here’s a piece of advice: start small, keep it simple, and focus on areas where a little investment will go a long way. For example, you may want to invest in a few who will do the same with others. Start with your elders. Or perhaps you want to focus on ramping up your small groups ministry. Start by training your current and new leaders around key biblical values that encapsulate discipleship.

Whatever you decide to do, may you find tremendous energy and courage to make disciples from the bookends of the Great Commission: “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me . . . and behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”


Godwin Sathianathan earned an M.Div. with emphases in Pastoral and New Testament studies from Grand Rapids Theological Seminary, and is an associate pastor at South Shore Baptist Church in Hingham, Massachusetts.

  1. I so love this stuff, and all you guys are doing….but wonder two things; where does the phrase “local church” appear in scripture? And where does the secondary membership of local church you teach appear in scripture, after one full redeeming membership into the body of Christ? This would really help me….bless ya….

    • All in all, the Greek word for “church” is most often used in reference to a local body of believers and not as much in the “universal church” sense. Membership is strongly implied in matters of baptism and church discipline throughout the New Testament (THESE SERMONS may help). For instance, one cannot be held accountable by people he does not know, and if one is supposed to submit to leaders (Heb 13:17), he cannot know what to do if he is not under a specific group of leaders (i.e., if Pastor Bob tells his congregation they need to focus more on prayer, while Pastor Ed tell his that they need to focus more on service, how does one obey?).

      This sermon ( may help. Also this sermon (, on church discipline in 1 Corinthians 5:1-6:11 may also be of help. Here’s an excerpt:

      “Church members are accountable, church members must be humble, and church
      membership is essential. This is something we’ve talked about before, so we’ll just hit on it
      briefly here. The implications are huge for what it means to be a part or a member of the
      body of Christ. Most people today read this story and think, “Big deal, so the guy’s not a
      member of the church anymore.” But the deal is that this was huge in that day. This just
      shows how much we have minimized and misunderstood church membership in our day.

      “See what Paul is saying here about church membership. First, he’s saying that the church
      defines who is a member. Notice that it’s not up to this man whether or not he’s a member.
      It’s up to the church at Corinth, and the church at Corinth is responsible for defining who is
      a member. This is important because, as we’ve talked about, isolation from the church
      reflects separation from Christ. To be removed from the body of Christ is to be identified,
      not as a brother or sister anymore, but as a non-believer. In Jesus’ words, “as a pagan or
      tax collector”.

      “Do you see now why we talk all the time about becoming a member of a church and why I
      encourage just about every week every follower of Christ, whether here or another church,
      to commit your life as a member of that church? This is why. Because the New Testament
      knows nothing of a Christian who is not a member of a gathering of believers, a local church.
      It is unheard of in the New Testament to be a follower of Christ and not be committed to a
      local body of believers as a member of that local church. To be apart from the church is to
      be recognized as apart from Christ Himself.

      “Christian, what church are you a part, a member of? What body of Christ has said of you,
      “Yes, that person is a follower of Christ”? What body of Christ have you submitted your life
      to for the oversight and care of your growth in Christ? Where is the church that is
      committed to pursuing you should you ever wander from Christ into the ways of this world?
      This is huge. Church membership is essential.” – David Platt

      • Kathie Davis said:

        My husband and I have held various leadership roles in church for years from teachers, to counselors, Sunday school teachers and elder. Through so many messed up church dysfunctions we believe the form is broken. Understand I say the form, not the function. We stumbled recently across Francis Chan’s video on Youtube called Rethinking Church after another church implosion. We really found it intriguing and witnessed to it so much. Truly it was an answer to deep grieving prayer.

        Now my question is when you say “church membership is essential” do you mean that we find a church and become “members” but then ask their blessing to do this Rethinking church idea in our home? I know for sure there are churches that will be and are very intimidated by this idea because it removes the “authority and control” away from them. We are waiting on the Lord but I can echo Francis Chan in another recent interview where he said it is easy to begin to move out in the flesh due to impatience. We are in our 50’s and have always had a love for the church and have invested many years but frankly just can’t keep going to church hoping it will work this time. Doing a new thing like Francis is suggesting in Rethinking Church is scary because many in the church form will misunderstand or accuse of being divisive. We have 20 something children and many of their friends and they themselves have left the “church” but are hungry and are willing to discuss and talk about their relationships with God. I work in the Theatre realm and have opportunities constantly to talk to unbelievers about Christ but they have an assumption about the church that keeps them from even considering going but i believe they would come to my home and do something like the “Rethinking Church” idea.

        I guess my prohibitive conscience and my “religious” background is wrestling with what would it look like to not to church in its current form. Would it be divisive? Would we be doing the wrong thing? Thanks for responding.

      • Kathie,

        Unfortunately, we are not in a position to be able to affirm that you should or shouldn’t plant a new church. These types of ideas are things we would encourage you to talk over with your church leaders. We would only condone leaving the membership of your local body if 1) you have the blessing of your local body, or 2) there are clear and obvious areas in which the local body is acting contrary to Scripture and the leaders are unrepentant. Of course, you should always be dealing with conflict in the pattern of Matthew 18:15-20, being up front with your church leaders. To go behind their back would probably be divisive. For some good resources on church membership, David Platt has a sermon that might be good to listen to:, as well as a series: We’d also recommend checking out 9Marks, a really good ministry devoted to helping build healthy local churches.

  2. Sorry, third question, the term “sanctuary” you teach or as I have heard others say “house of God”. Please help me understand the scriptural teaching.

    • Both terms are in the Bible, but I’d need more specifics to understand what you are asking.

  3. SoulJourner said:

    Church membership being the central requirement by which all things were defined for a believer in the first New Testament Church then why do many of today’s churches not require membership? In keeping with the true essence of making disciples, why are some churches today teaching or preaching “feel-good psychology” instead of the living Gospel, on a consistent basis?

  4. Thanks for the teachings. Still struggling with this term local church and a membership that is additional to the membership of the body of Christ. Just can’t see scripture and verse to support. It may be we have put these terms, methodologies in place to press us into deeper fellowship and accountability, but what I sometime observe is that there is often division and separation when they are taken as doctrinal strongpoints. I am a member of this, I am a member of that, i am a follower of this person, I am a follower of that, I go to this local church, I go that local church….rather than I am accountable to community elders, Christian neighbours, reading the bible myself. There are subtle differences, please pray I continue to find understand these scriptural matters and am guided by the Holy Spirit. Thanks. Please, please, if you find any scripture to support, please send me, bless ya!

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